Images, photos, and pictures stimulate the mind. For the viewer, they offer a chance to connect and question. They also offer potential for play and imagination, pulling the observer into purposeful messages.
Most often, newspaper and magazine readers take a quick glance at photos and their captions. With this YES! lesson plan, you and your students can luxuriate—and pause—to truly understand an image, its message, and why it’s interesting (or not).
Step1: What do you notice (before the facts)?
Ask your students to digest the photograph by trusting their instincts of observation and inference. In doing so, the image offers possibilities and interpretations beyond a typical reading where the reader glances at a photograph to reinforce its title or caption. Do not introduce any facts, captions, or other written words. In response to the question, “What do you notice?” you may hear: swan, bark, bones, cells, islands, and some honest confusion.
Step 2: What are you wondering?
After you’ve heard your students’ first observations, you may hear a peppering of questions: Is this a creature? Is this an animal carved from wood? Is this a group of cells from a microscope? Was this created by Photoshop? This is a good time to reveal the photo’s caption and other information about the photo. Watch how the conversation shifts from what students believe to be true to discerning the facts about the photo.
“A close up of a finished work by Kazuaki Tanahashi, an accomplished Japanese calligrapher. Born and trained in Japan, Tanahashi is an active calligraphy and Zen teacher as well as an environmentalist and peace worker. His paintings have been displayed in exhibitions internationally.”
Photo by Unnikrishnan Raveendranathan, an award-winning photographer and multimedia artist originally from India, for the Global Oneness Project.
Kazuaki Tanahashi creates images with brush calligraphy, an ancient Eastern writing system. Tanahashi uses animal-hair brushes sized as small as pencils to as large as kitchen mops that he dips in richly colored paints. The artist’s mastery of different brush pressures results in a dynamic, pixilated image when seen up close.
Calligraphy artists vary the types of hair in their brushes to achieve different textures in their final paintings. For example, sheep and goat hair absorb more colored ink than other types of hair. Monks made their first calligraphy brushes from wolf, squirrel, badger and even tiger hair; today, brushes are more commonly made from the hair of sheep, dog, cat, rabbit, deer, goat, and horse.
The term “Zen calligraphy” was coined because calligraphy is often associated with the Zen sect of Buddhism. It is common practice for Zen monks and nuns to learn calligraphy as part of their monastic training and search for enlightenment. Now also practiced by professional artists, modern Zen calligraphy still requires the artist to “be one” with his or her creation. Today’s Zen calligraphers strive to work in a “no-mind” state, and to paint slowly without interruption. The best calligraphy, they believe, is neither rushed nor intentionally practiced so as to embody the highest meaning.
Challenging this Zen philosophy, new robots are able to produce a master’s work en masse. The robots can record original brush strokes as a calligrapher paints across a glass screen. The robots then use their own paintbrushes to produce images with almost the same detail as the original, echoing the exact line and pressure the artist used. These robots also digitize and store data on the work, preserving the art of calligraphy for posterity.
VIEW :: Full Kazuaki Tanahashi photo essay from the Global Oneness Project
EXPLORE :: Unnikrishnan Raveendranathan, photographer
LEARN :: Kazuaki Tanahashi, artist
Step 3: What next?
- Some complicated Japanese letters or characters (kanji) take up to 15 brush or pen strokes to complete. As the ease of typing lessens the need or desire to practice penmanship in Japan, fewer people know how to write correctly by hand. Are robots the answer? What is the value in a handwritten letter or original painting? Which do you find more beautiful or meaningful? Think of some examples from personal experience.
- Common Core Standards, a set of national education standards adopted by 46 states and the District of Columbia, no longer requires students to learn cursive writing. Instead, students must be keyboard proficient by the fourth grade. As most American students see writing in cursive as more of a nuisance than an art form, do you think cursive writing should still be taught in school? What might be lost or gained by eliminating cursive?
- Apple Computer founder Steve Jobs studied calligraphy with a former Trappist monk after he dropped out of college. Jobs credits his appreciation for beautiful typography—nurtured in these calligraphy classes—as the inspiration for the fonts, spacing and text sizes he used in the first Macintosh computer. While moveable type was invented for publishers in the fifteenth century, many recognize Jobs for bringing customizable and printable computer fonts to the public. Do you have a favorite font? Why is that font appealing? If you had the freedom to explore and dream like Steve Jobs did, what would you study? What stops you from doing this now?