Timeline: 1950s


1950s graphic

Thumbs Up Supreme Court victories in 1950 for black graduate students in Texas and Oklahoma erode “separate but equal” provisions.

Thumbs DownMilitary draft expanded in 1951.

Thumbs Up Air Pollution Control Act of 1955 is passed as a result of civil unrest concerning air pollution deaths in Donora, PA.

Civil Rights Movement begins 10 years of bus boycotts, sit-ins, freedom rides and social movements to fight racial discrimination.

Thumbs UpBrown v. Board of Education of Topeka outlaws segregated public education facilities for blacks and whites. May 17, 1954.

Thumbs Down In 1956, 77 members of the House along with 19 Senators sign The Southern Manifesto condemning that Supreme Court decision.