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Afghanistan: a portrait in numbers

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Population of Afghanistan: 25.8 million[1]
Number of Afghanis living in poverty and substandard conditions: 22.1 million
Percentage of Afghan population with access to safe water: 17%
With access to sanitation: 10%
Life expectancy of Afghanis: 46 years [2]
[Life expectancy of Americans: 77 years ][3]
Average weight of newborns at Kabul's Indira Gandhi Children's Hospital:
2.0–2.5 kg (4.4 –5.5 lbs.)[4]
Afghan infant mortality rate: 165 deaths per 1,000 live births
Mortality rate of Afghani children under age five: 257 per 1,000 live births
Number of children under age five who die each year: 309,000[5]
[U.S. infant mortality rate: 7.2 deaths per 1,000 live births[6]]
Estimated percentage of Afghan population below age 18: 48%
Estimated number of landmines left planted in Afghanistan: 10 million [7]
Estimated number of Afghanis killed by landmines in the late 90's: 400,000
(10–12 casualties per day)
Percentage of Afghani population that is disabled: 17% [8]
Estimated percentage of Afghani school-age boys attending school: 60%
School-age girls attending school: 5% [9]
Literacy rate of adult Afghani men: 51.9%
Literacy rate of adult Afghani women: 21.9% [10]
Numbers of Afghanis who die from tuberculosis each year: 16,000
Cholera cases per year: 5,000
Number of Afghani women who die each day from pregnancy-related causes: 45
Lashings given to punish a woman convicted of adultery: 100[11]
Percentage of world's raw opium produced in Afghanistan in 1999: 75% (5,000 tons)[12]
Afghani refugees in Pakistan: 2.2 million
Afghani refugees in Iran: 1.5 million[13]

[1]Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan (RAWA)
[2]Population Research Bureau, 2000,
[3]National Center for Health Statistics,
[4]World Health Organization, Sept. 2001
[5]ibid., UNICEF January 2000
[6]National Center for Health Statistics, 1998
[7]Voice of America report, 15 January 1998
[8]Statement made to UN Coordinator reported by Associated Frontier Press, 4 December 1998
[9]Report to the United Nations General Assembly, 2001.
[10]UNESCO, 2000
[11]Reuters report, Kabul, 27 February 1998
[12]Associated Press report, 16 April 1999
[13]Office of UN Coordinator for Afghanistan, UNHCR Afghanistan/Pakistan, June 2001

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